Sociology & Anthropology


Career Counseling, Planning, and Placement

The Career Center in the Campus Center offers many services including: (a) career and employment counseling, (b) employer and graduate school information, (workshops dealing with resume writing, interviewing skills and job search strategies), (d) on-campus interviews, (e) interview assistance, and (f) salary data and job market reports. The center also maintains a career resource library which you may find useful.

Sociology and Anthropology Career Opportunities

Surveys of college alumni with undergraduate majors in sociology or anthropology indicate that these majors prepare people for a broad range of occupations. Note that many of these jobs require graduate or professional training.

  • Administration Assoc. for University Hospital Insurance Account Supervisor
  • Accounts Specialist Intake Supervisor of Juvenile Court
  • Administrative Assistant and Social Worker for Investigator with the State Attorney General's Office
  • County Welfare Department Law Enforcement
  • Advertising Account Executive Legal Intern
  • Advertising Lieutenant, U.S. Air Force Educational Administrative
  • Assistant Director of Surgery Services Offices
  • Assistant to Coordinator of Department of Mental Hygiene Management Consultant
  • Assistant Executive of Hospital Federation Marketing Representative
  • Assistant Director of Employment Services Medical Social Worker
  • Attorney for Government Workmen's Compensation Minister
  • Audio Consultant Moving Consultant
  • Bank Management Assistant Museum Curator
  • Caseworker Office of the Naval Attaché
  • Circulation Manager Operations Officer, Social Security Administration
  • Claims Representative for the Health Education, & Personal Trust Staff of Bank
  • Welfare Social Security Administration Personnel Manager
  • Computer Analyst/Programmer Petroleum Marketing Executive Assistant
  • Coordinator of Tenant Education for Housing League Portfolio Manager, State Teachers' Retirement Fund
  • Counsel & Staff Director of the House Committee on Rules Principal Planner for City Planning Commission
  • Counselor for diocese Printing Sales
  • Counselor for Planned Parenthood Private School Teacher
  • Counselor for the Bureau of Vocational Rehabilitation Program Evaluator for Community Mental Health Center
  • County Judge Programmer Analyst
  • County Legal Assistant Psychotherapist
  • County Children's Services Public School Teacher
  • Criminology research Rabbi
  • Data Corporation President Rehabilitation Teacher of the Blind
  • Dental Hygienist Research Assistant
  • Dentist Residential Coordinator for Developmentally Disabled
  • Development and Urban Planner Sales Manager
  • Diagnostic Sales Representative Savings & Loan Senior Appraiser
  • Director of Safety and Security Secretary
  • Director of Nursing Sheriff
  • Director of the Social Planning Council Social and Casework Supervisor
  • Electrical Company Marketing Manager Sociologist
  • Employment Manager Special Agent of the U.S. Secret Service
  • Equal Opportunity for the U.S. Department of Labor State Supervisor of Counseling Services for the Bureau
  • Evaluation Specialists in Reading & Curriculum of Unemployment Compensation
  • Executive Director for Crippled Children's Guild Tax Accountant
  • Executive Teaching & Directorships of Head Start Program
  • Family Health Association Teachers Technical Writer
  • Family Therapist Telephone Company Sales Manager
  • Forest Technician Training Supervisor
  • Government & Public Affairs Manager TV Audience Research
  • Group Home Worker U.S. Air Force Security Police Squadron
  • Group Insurance Pension Representative United States Navy Pilot
  • Health Services Counselor Welfare Department Case Worker
  • Industrial Purchasing Agent Writer for State Rehabilitation Services
  • Insurance Underwriter

This list is drawn from a survey of alumni of Ohio State University who majored in sociology.

General Career Fields for Sociology Majors

While the previous page lists a wide range of jobs that people who majored in sociology eventually landed, many of these positions involved graduate training in another field. Because it involves the development of critical thinking skills and broad understanding of society and of organizations and institutions, sociology can be used as a spring-board into many fields. (The same is true of most liberal arts fields of study.)

Many students who obtain Ph.D. degrees teach Sociology in colleges and universities (also some with M.A. degrees). Increasingly sociologists are working in community settings. They work in government or industry as researchers, administrators, consultants, or program planners. In general, salaries are higher in non-academic settings.

The vast majority of majors with B.A. degrees in Sociology launch their careers in social services or business/industry. Most sociology majors find employment after graduation in areas such as community planning, employment counseling, marketing research, policy evaluation, program planning, rehabilitation counseling, environmental analysis, personnel management, labor relations, drug and alcohol abuse counseling, social work and health planning. Other graduates have taken jobs as computer analysts, journalists, legal assistants, management trainees, educational therapists, and resident directors.

In short, the majority of sociology majors move into one of the following fields:

Human Services
Community organizer
Social worker
Hospital administrator
Nonprofit administrator

Academic Researcher/Administrator
Recreation Specialist
Leisure/Travel Consultant

Population Analyst
Market Researcher
Economic Analyst
Public Opinion Pollster
Policy researcher

Policy administrator
Public Policy Analyst
U.S. Census Bureau Analyst
International Agency Representative
Program Director
Prison Administrator
Law enforcement (local policity; FBI)
Labor relations
Urban Planner

Market researcher
Sales manager
Customer relations
Manufacturing representative
Salesperson Administration
Data processor

Public Relations
Mass Communications

Career Fields for Anthropologists

Traditionally, about 80 percent of the approximately 7,000 anthropologists in the United States are employed in colleges and universities. They teach undergraduate students the four branches of anthropology. Since 1985, over half of all new Ph.D.s are working in non-academic jobs. The recent trend of anthropologists working in non-academic settings is continuing to rise since the academic job market in anthropology remains relatively constant while the global economy requires more cross-cultural interactions from the work force. Others head projects funded by foundations, grant agencies, nonprofit associations, and the private sector.

The federal government employs anthropologists in the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Smithsonian Institution, the National Park Service, the National Institutes of Health, and the Public Health Service. The U.S. Department of State, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and the Central Intelligence Agency also employ anthropologists.

Some physical anthropologists work in medical schools. Others work in community and regional development and planning, and a few work in forensics labs helping to solve crimes.